Caving, also known as spelunking, is the recreational activity of exploring and studying natural underground cave systems. Caves are formed by the dissolution of soluble rocks, such as limestone, and they can be found in many different parts of the world.
Caving can be a physically demanding activity that requires a high level of fitness and agility. It often involves crawling, climbing, and squeezing through narrow passages and tight spaces. Caves can be dark and damp, and some may have areas of deep water or swift-flowing streams. As a result, caving can be potentially hazardous, and it is important for cavers to be properly trained and equipped with the necessary safety equipment, such as helmets, headlamp, and appropriate clothing.
There are many different types of caves to explore, ranging from relatively easy and accessible caves that can be explored by novice cavers, to more challenging and remote caves that may require advanced caving skills and technical equipment. Caves can be found in a variety of different settings, including mountains, forests, and deserts, and they often contain unique and fascinating geological features, such as stalactites, stalagmites, and underground rivers.